How do solutes affect the boiling point?

Solutes raise the boiling point of a solution.

When a is added to a solution, the solutes create the addition of that interact with the in such a way that more energy is required to evaporate the solvent.

Let’s use salt water for example. Na+ and Cl- atoms are constantly forming bonds with each other and then separating, which interact with ##H_2O## molecules in the form of hydrogen . Thus, when the water molecules are trying to be boiled/evaporated, the Na+ and Cl- atoms are bonding with or bumping into the ##H_2O## molecules, which requires additional energy to separate.

Similarly, solutes affect the freezing point of a solution. For example, ethylene glycol is mixed with water to form antifreeze, which boils at a higher temperature than water alone and also freezes at a lower temperature. This is why you don’t add only water to the radiator in your vehicle’s cooling system, but must mix it with ethylene glycol (otherwise, your engine block would crack if the internal temperature of the engine exceeded 212 degrees F or temperatures reached below 32 degrees F.

Depending on the outside temperature, the ratio of of ethylene glycol to water is changed to provide you with the appropriate amount of protection. For example, in the southern United States, where is seldom gets much below freezing in the winter, a 30/70% ratio of ethylene glycol is appropriate; however, in Canada where it is much colder, you may require a 40/60% ratio.

Show more

Calculate Your Essay Price
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Order your essay today and save 10% with the coupon code: best10