# What is the oxidation number of phosphorus in KH2PO4?

+5

Okay, with determining the oxidation states there are some rules. This would help you to not get confuse.

(1) The total charge of a stable compound is always equal to zero (meaning no charge).

For example, the ##H_2O## molecule exists as a neutrally charged substance.

(2) If the substance is an ion (either there is a positive or negative charge) the total oxidation state of the ion is the charge (i.e. oxidation state of ##NO_3^”-1″## ion is -1).

(3) All from Group 1A has an oxidation state of +1 (e.g. ##Na^”+1″##, ##Li^”+1″##). All Group 2A and 3A have an oxidation state of +2 and +3, respectively. (e.g. ##Ca^”2+”##, ##Mg^”2+”##, ##Al^”3+”##)

(4) Oxygen always have a charge -2 except for peroxide ion (##O_2^”2-“##) which has a charge of -1.

(5) Hydrogen always have a charge of +1 if it is bonded with a non-metal (as in the case of ##HCl##) and always have a -1 charge if it is bonded with a metal (as in ##AlH_3##).

So let’s try solving your problem, the oxidation state of ##P## in the substance ##KH_2PO_4##.

Based on rule 1, the whole substance has an oxidation state of zero.

##KH_2PO_4## = 0

Based on rules 3 and 5, the oxidation states of ##K## and ##H## atoms are both +1 (since there no metal atom in this substance).

(+1) + [(+1)(2)] + ##PO_4## = 0

Notice that since ##H## atoms have a subscript, I multiply its oxidation state by 2.

Next, based on rule 4 the ##O## atom has a charge of -2.

(+1) + [(+1)(2)] + ##color (red) x## + [(-2) (4)] = 0 where ##color (red) x## is the oxidation state of ##P## atom

Notice again that since ##O## atom has a subscript, I multiplied the oxidation state by 4. Now, we are ready to solve for ##x##.

(+1) + [(+1)(2)] + ##color (red) x## + [(-2) (4)] = 0

(+1) + (+2) + ##color (red) x## + (-8) = 0

(+3) + ##color (red) x## + (-8) = 0

##color (red) x## + (-5) = 0

##color (red) x## = +5

Therefore, the oxidation state of ##P## atom is +5 or ##P^”5+”##.

## Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
\$26
The price is based on these factors:
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
• Free title page and bibliography
• Unlimited revisions
• Plagiarism-free guarantee
• Money-back guarantee
On-demand options
• Writer’s samples
• Part-by-part delivery
• Overnight delivery
• Copies of used sources
Paper format
• 275 words per page
• 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
• Double line spacing
• Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

# Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

### Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

### Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

### Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.